SOCIAL DEFENCE



        The Constitution of India recognizes the vulnerable position of children and their right to protection. The Right to equality, protection of life and personal liberty and the right against exploitation is Kanniyakumari in various articles of the Constitution.

‘Child Protection’ is about

·        Protecting children from or against any perceived or real danger or risk to their life, their personhood and childhood abuse.

·         Reducing their vulnerability to any kind of harm / abuse and protecting them in harmful situations.

·         Ensuring that no child falls out of the social security and safety net and, those who do, receive necessary care, protection and support so as to bring them back in the safety net.

        In pursuance of this Integrated Child Protection Scheme(ICPS) have been launched. ICPS will help in speeding the implementation of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 and its Amendment Act 2006. The Scheme enables the States to strengthen existing statutory infrastructure and institutions as well as supports development of newer facilities for children based on need assessment. The States/UTs have started setting up Juvenile Justice Boards, Child Welfare Committees and Special Juvenile Police Units as per provisions of JJ Act.

        To avoid irregularities and to prevent illegal activities the State Government has made compulsory to register all the Child Care Institutions in Tamil Nadu under section 34(3) of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006, These institutions have to submit applications to District Social Welfareofficers/Probation Officers with relevant documents as prescribed in the Model Rules under Juvenile Justice Act.

Following are the District level measures and services for social defence:

       

District level:

 

District child protection Unit/Society (DCPS)

 

Chairman:  District Collector, Kanyakumari District.

 

The Tamilnadu Government also Constituted District Child Protection Unit in Kanyakumari District to implement the Scheme in the District level.

 

Address of the District Child Protection Unit/Society:

 

District Child Protection Unit/Society,

No: 1-4, Avvai Shanmugam Road,

Ozhuginasery, Nagercoil – 600 001.

Ph: 04652-272280

E-mail: dcpskkdt@gmail.com.

 

 

Functions of District Child Protection Unit/ Society (DCPS)

 

The DCPS shall coordinate and implement all child rights and protection activities at district level. The specific functions of the DCPS shall include:

 

    1.    Evolve Child Protection Policy with identified partners and their roles and responsibilities.

   2.  Develop micro level institutions at the village, block and district level to promote community education, child tracking systems and child protection network.

    3.    Ensure the proper mechanisms in place to implement the administration of Juvenile Justice, Child rights and child protection strategies and effective implementations of the Act and such other local and special laws relating to children at the district level.

    4.   Formulate evaluation programmes and social auditing and “ombudsman” towards the effective implementation of legislative provisions relating to children, prevention of harm to children etc.,

    5.    Ensure the registration of residential child care institutions and night shelters in accordance with the provisions of the Act and provide licensing for such centres at the district level.

   6. Promote the non-institutional services such as adoption, foster-care, sponsorship and establishment of Child line services and its functions.

    7.    Facilitate convergences of programmes of State and Central Government to ensure the protection of children in difficult circumstances from abuse, exploitation and other harmful practices.

    8.    Conduct quarterly review of the effective implementations of Village level Child Protection Committees and ensure the stakeholder’s accountability to promote the child rights and protection issues.

    9.    Take all such action as may appear necessary or incidental for the achievement of the objectives of the Integrated Child Protection Schemes in the district.

  10. Develop strategies for coordination and networking between the various Government departments and amongst Government departments, Non-Governmental Organisations networking and voluntary organizations.

    11.    Conduct the periodical Governing Body meetings and carry out the resolutions adopted.

    12.    Prepare documentation and data formation

    13.    Publicize annual report on the status of children in the district.

       

Block Level Child Protection Committee(BLCPC):

 

Every Block shall have a Child Protection Committee under the Chairpersonship of the block/ward level elected representative (Head of the Block Committee) with the Block Development Officers (BDOs) as the Member Secretary to recommend and monitor the implementation of child protection services at block level.

 

Members of the BLCPC

(i)

Block Level Panchayat Union elected Chairman

Chairperson

(ii)

Block Development Officers (BDOs)

Member Secretary

(iii)

A representative from the District Child Protection Unit

Member

(iv)

One Integrated Child Development Scheme Functionary

Member

(v)

Assistant Elementary Education Officer

Member

(vi)

Medical Officer, Primary Health Centre

Member

(vii)

3 Chairpersons of the Village Level Child Protection Committees

Members

(viii)

2 representatives of the active Non-Governmental Organisation

Members

(ix)

3 members of Self-Help Group active in the block (to be identified by the Self-Help Group)

Members

 

In Kanyakumari District all 9 Blocks have Block Level Child Protection Committees.

 

Village Level Child Protection Committee(VLCPC):

 

Every Panchayat shall have a Child Protection Committee under the Chairpersonship of the village level elected representative (Head of the Gram Panchayat) to recommend and monitor the implementation of child protection services at the village level.

Members of the  Village Level Child  Protection Committee

 

(i)

Elected Village Panchayat President

Chairperson

(ii)

Village Administrative Officer

Convener

(iii)

Head Master of the High School/Hr.Sec.School and if not Head Master of the Primary Union Middle School/ elementary School located in the Village or school teachers of the school concerned

Member

(iv)

Two Child representatives to be nominated from local school by the Head Master

Member

(v)

A member of the District Child Protection Society

Member

(vi)

Anganwadi Worker

Member

(vii)

Village Health Nurse / Auxiliary Nurse Midwives

Member

(viii)

A representative of the Non-Governmental Organisation active in the Village

Member

 

In Kanyakumari District, 95 Village Panchayat and 55 Town Panchayats have Village Level Child Protection Committee.

 

Target groups

 

The ICPS will focus its activities on children in need of care and protection and children in conflict and contact with the law:

 

a) Child in need of Care & Protection means a child who:

 

i.                     Is found without any home or settled place or abode and without any ostensible means of subsistence.

ii.                   Resides with a person (whether a guardian of the child or not) and such person has threatened to kill or injure the child and there is a reasonable likelihood of the threat being carried out, or has killed, abused or neglected some other child or children and there is a reasonable likelihood of the child in question being killed, abused or neglected by that person.

iii.                 Is a mentally or physically challenged or ill child or a child suffering from terminal diseases or incurable diseases, and/or having no one to support or look after him/her.

iv.                 Has a parent or guardian and such parent or guardian is unfit or incapacitated to care for or supervise the child.

v.                   Does not have a parent/parents and no one is willing to take care of him/her, or whose parents have abandoned him/her or who is a missing and/or runaway child and whose parents cannot be found after reasonable inquiry.

vi.                 Is being or is likely to be grossly abused, tortured or exploited for the purpose of sexual abuse or illegal acts.

vii.               Is found vulnerable and is likely to be inducted into drug abuse or trafficking.

viii.             Is being or is likely to be abused for unconscionable gains.

ix.                 Is victim of any armed conflict, civil commotion or natural calamity.

 

b. Child in conflict with law is one who is alleged to have committed an offence.

 

c. Child in contact with law is one who has come in contact with the law either as victim or as a witness or due to any other circumstance.

 

The ICPS will also provide preventive, statutory and care and rehabilitation services to any other vulnerable child including, but not limited, to: children of potentially vulnerable families and families at risk, children of socially excluded groups like migrant families, families living in extreme poverty, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes, families subjected to or affected by discrimination, minorities, children infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS, orphans, child drug abusers, children of substance abusers, child beggars, trafficked or sexually exploited children, children of prisoners, and street and working children.

 

Statutory Support Services

 

1. Child welfare committee (CWC)

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006 makes it mandatory to establish one Child Welfare Committee in each district as the final authority to dispose of cases for the care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of children in need of care & protection and to provide for their basic needs and protection of human rights. The Tamilnadu Government Constituted Child Welfare Committee in Kanyakumari District. The Committee is functioning in the following Address.

 

Child Welfare Committee,

No:1-4, Avvai Shanmugam Road,

Ozhuginasery, Nagercoil-1.

 

 

2. Juvenile Justice Board (JJB)

 

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Act, 2006 makes it mandatory to have one Juvenile Justice Board in each district to deal with matters relating to juveniles in conflict with law. Tamilnadu Government Constituted Juvenile Justice Board in Kanyakumari District. The Juvenile Justice Board is functioning in the following Address.

 

Juvenile Justice Board,

Plot No. 15, Second Cross Street,

Simon Nager, Nagercoil.

 

Minimum Standards of Care for Children lodged in institutions established under Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, its Amendment Act, 2006.

 

 1. Location of institution

 

Children’s Homes must be located in a congenial child friendly environment in natural surroundings with adequate open space for children to engage in outdoor activities. Every institution should be well connected by various modes of transportation and be within the vicinity of schools and technical and other vocational training institutions so that they are easily accessible to the children in care.

 

2.1 Building

 

Children’s Home

    a.    While children of both sexes below 10 years can be kept in the same home, separate bathing and sleeping facilities should be maintained for boys and girls in the age group of 5-10 years.

    b.    Separate children’s homes for boys and girls in the age group of 7-11 and 12‑18 years.

    c.    Separate facilities for children in the age group of 0-5 years with appropriate facilities for infants.

 

2.2 Details of building/accommodation for an institution with 50 children

 

i

2 Dormitories

Each 1000 Sq. ft. for 25 juveniles/children i.e. 2000 Sq. ft.

ii

2 Classrooms

300 Sq. ft. for 25 juveniles/children i.e. 600 Sq. ft.

iii

Sickroom/First aid room

75 Sq. ft. per juvenile/children for 10 i.e. 750 Sq. ft.

iv

Kitchen

250 Sq. ft.

v

Dinning Hall

800 Sq. ft.

vi

Store

250 Sq. ft.

vii

Recreation room

300 Sq. ft.

viii

Library

500 Sq. ft.

ix

5 bathrooms

25 Sq. ft. each i.e. 125 Sq. ft.

x

8 toilets/latrines

25 Sq. ft. each i.e. 200 Sq. ft.

xi

Office rooms

(a) 300 Sq. ft. (b) Superintendent’s room 200 sq. fit

xii

Counselling and guidance room

120 Sq. ft.

xiii

Residence for Superintendent*

(a) 2 rooms of 250 Sq. ft. each (b) kitchen 75 Sq. ft. (c) bathroom cum Toilet/latrine 50 Sq. ft

*The Superintendent shall stay within the institution and be provided with quarters.. . In case he/she is not able to stay in the home for legitimate reasons (to be permitted by Director, Child Protection), any other senior staff member(s) of the institution shall stay in the institution and be in a position to supervise the overall care of the children and, take decisions in the case of any crisis/emergency.

 

3. Sanitation and hygiene

 

Each institution should have the following facilities:

 

                 i.    Sufficient purified drinking water. Water filters should be installed.

               ii.    Sufficient water for bathing and washing clothes, maintenance and cleanliness of the premises.

             iii.    Arrangements for disposal of garbage.

             iv.    Protection from mosquitoes by providing mosquito nets.

               v.    Sufficient number of toilets in the proportion of at least one latrine/toilet for

seven children.

 

            vi.    Sufficient number of bathrooms in the proportion of at least one bathroom for ten children. The bathroom and toilets should be well lit and airy, and they should be tiled.

           vii.    Clean and fly-proof kitchen and separate area for washing utensils.

         viii.    Open space for sunning of bedding and clothing.

                   ix.            Utmost cleanliness in the Medical Centre.

 

4. Staffing pattern

 

Staffing pattern of an institution with 50 children

 

Sl.No

Personal

No.of Posts

Qualification

1

Superintendent or Institution Director

1

M. A. Social Work

2

Counsellor

1

M. A Psychology

3

Child Welfare Officer

1

M. A. Social Work

4

House Mother or House Father2

2

 

5

Primary Teacher

1 (voluntary/part time)

Trained Graduate

6

Doctor

1  (part time)

MBBS

7

Paramedical staff

1

 

8

Store-keeper cum Accountant

1

Graduate with experience of accounts/administration

 

9

Cook

1

 

10

Helper

1

 

11

Sweeper

1

 

 

Total

11

 

 

The number of posts in the category of Counsellor, Child Welfare Officer, house father or house mother and primary teacher would proportionally increase with the increase in the capacity of the home. While selecting the staff for a girl’s home, every effort shall be made to appoint female personnel, especially at leadership and decision-making levels as well as those interacting with the girl children.

Sl. N

 The statutory duties and responsibilities of the personnel will be as per the provisions of the State Rules under Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 and its Amendment Act, 2006. Children should participate in the running of the institution and should be involved in:

 

i.                     Developing their time table/daily routine including studies, entertainment, sports, etc.

ii.                   Planning their meals – Mess Committee should be introduced and children should be given opportunity to choose and plan their meal with the help of a nutritionist.

iii.                 Maintaining their own establishment – keeping the rooms clean and tidy.

iv.                 Cleaning of open-spaces, gardening, etc.

v.                   Extra-curricula activities which also promote skill development.

 

5. Minimum standards of services

 

Every Institution shall adhere to the standards of care for children laid down by the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and its Amendment Act, 2006 and the Rules framed under the Act by the respective State Governments. The standards of services in an institution shall include:

 

Medical facilities

 

Every institution shall ensure that a medical examination of the child/juvenile is carried out at the time of admission to the institution and an individual medical record shall be maintained for each child. The institution should provide for the necessary medical facilities so as to ensure that:

i.                     Regular health check up is conducted and that there is a doctor on call and he/she visits the institution every alternate day.

ii.                   Sufficient medical equipments to handle minor health problems including first aid kit with stock of emergency medicines and consumables should be available, etc.

iii.                 Arrangements are made for the immunization coverage.

iv.                 Timely referral is made of children with deteriorating health or serious ailments to the nearest civil hospital or recognized treatment center.

v.                   All institutional staff are trained first aid treatment.

 

Diet scale

 

i.                      The diet scale should be in accordance with the provisions of the State Rules under Juvenile Justice Act 2000 for each state which would be based on food habits. This shall be strictly adhered to by the institutions.

ii.                   Every institution should constitute a Mess Committee with the membership children to plan and decide their daily menu. A nutrition expert shall be member of this Committee who shall ensure that the food served is balanced, nutritious and varied.

iii.                 The diet scale should include adequate quantity of cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, eggs, milk and meat and fish in accordance with the local dietary habits.

iv.                 Special menu should be provided on holidays, festivals and to the sick children as required.

 

Clothing and bedding

 

As per the scale laid down by the State Government based on the climate requirements, each child should be provided with:

 

i. Four sets of clothing (at one point of time, the child should have a minimum of three sets of clothing)

i. One cotton mattress/ mat

 

i    Tooth powder/paste

 

ii. Five sets of customary undergarments

ii. Two cotton bed sheets

ii. Tooth brush

iii. Two towels

iii. One blanket

iii. Soap

iv. One jersey and one pullover for winter

iv. One pillow

iv. Oil

v. Three sets of school uniform for children attending  schools

 

v. Comb

vi. One pair of shoes

 

 

vi Sanitary pads for

girls

vii. Four pairs of socks

 

 

 

viii. One pair of chappals

 

 

 

 

Daily routine

Every institution should have a well-regulated daily routine for the children, which should be structured in such a way that children are kept occupied for at least six hours. The daily routine should be displayed on the notice board and provide inter-alia for:

 

i.                     Regulated and disciplined daily routine.

ii.                   Personal hygiene and cleanliness.

iii.                 Regular physical exercise through PT and yoga, etc.

iv.                 Schooling.

v.                   Vocational training.

vi.                 Recreation and sports viz. basket ball, volley ball, cricket, badminton, table tennis and other sports as suitable to the local conditions.

vii.               Time for music and watching television.

viii.             Group activities.

ix.                 Prayer and community singing.

x.                   Special programmes for Sundays and holidays.

 

The institution should plan an outing for all the children monthly.

 

Education

 

Every institution should provide children with education according to their age and ability, either within the institution or outside through a formal high quality education system. Non-formal education facilities shall be made available within institution in

 

exceptional cases and the overall focus should be on mainstreaming children in to the regular educational system.

 

6. Rehabilitation and social reintegration

 

The rehabilitation and social reintegration of a child should be carried at the earliest based on individual social history. Reintegrating the child in his/her biological family through counseling and other supportive services.

 

 

7.  Home Management Committee

 

Every institution shall constitute a Home Management Committee chaired by the District Child Protection Officer(DCPO) from the District Child Protection Unit to oversee the effective functioning of the institution. The members of this committee shall  include two children representing different age groups, Chairperson or member of the Child Welfare Committee, Chairperson or member of the Juvenile Justice Board, one representative each from the local Shelter, one Doctor, Superintendent of the Home. The Home Management Committee shall meet monthly and should undertake following tasks:

a.       Inspection of Home to review infrastructure and services.

b.      Interaction with the Mess Committee to review details of the planned weekly menu and ensure that the diet scale is being followed.

c.       Interact informally with the children to ensure their well being and that periodic contact is being arranged with their families.

d.      Review the standard of care, education and vocational training being provided to the children.

e.       Receive and respond to complaints and requests from children.

f.        Any other matters concerning children staying in the institution or relating to the overall management of the institution.

 

The following Programmes will be implemented in this District shortly.

 

Foster Care

            Foster care is an arrangement whereby a child lives, usually on a temporary basis, with an extended or unrelated family member. Such an arrangement ensures that the biological parents do not lose any of their parental rights or responsibilities.

 

            Foster Care is preferred as an alternative to institutional care as the family environment offers love, care and attention which is helpful for overall growth and development of the child, besides providing the child an opportunity to live in the community.

 

 Criteria for Foster Care

    1.    Foster parent(s) should have stable emotional adjustment within the family

    2.    Foster parent(s) should have an income to meet their needs. The monthly family income shall not be less than Rs. 3000/-

    3.    Medical reports of all the members of the family residing in the premises should be obtained including checks on HIV, TB and Hepatitis-B to determine if they are medically fit parents.

    4.    The foster parents should have experience in child care and the capacity to provide good child care

    5.    The foster parents should be physically, mentally and emotionally stable.

   6.  The foster parents should be willing to follow rules laid down including regular visits to pediatrician, maintenance of child health records, etc.

    7.    The foster parents should be willing to attend training/orientation programmes

 

 Maintenance Grant

A grant of Rs. 750/- p.m. shall be provided to the foster parents.

 

 

 Procedures for placing a Child in Foster Family

Non Governmental Organizations or Probation Officers or Social Workers shall also refer deserving children to Child Welfare Committee for placement under Foster Care Programme.

 

Assurance by Foster Parents

The Foster parents should enter into an agreement with the implementing agency to ensure the following during the period of Foster Care;

i.                     Continuing the education

ii.                   Decent and dignified treatment

iii.                 Non-abusive treatment

iv.                 Meeting the minimum needs of Child

v.                   The child will be withdrawn from the foster family in case of violation of conditions or abuse of children.

 

Sponsorship

Sponsorship is a supplementary financial support to families to meet the educational, medical, nutritional and other needs of children with a view to improving the quality of their live.

 

The State Government allows individuals, institutions, corporate sectors, financial institutions, industries, etc to sponsor or support any child for the following.

 

1.                  Higher education, to withdraw children from child labour/bonded labour

2.                  To improve the behavior of children, through personality development programmes

3.                  Recreation, competitions and vacations for the Children.

4.                  Vocational training programmes and other rehabilitative aspects

5.                  Improving infrastructure facilities along with those needed for development of the Child.

 

Sponsorship and Foster Care Approval Committee (SFCAC)

 

Every District shall have a Sponsorship and Foster Care Approval Committee (SFCAC) to review and sanction sponsorship (for preventive settings only) and foster care fund. The SFCAC shall meet every month and total time taken to dispose of a case shall not exceed three months from the date of the receipt of the application. This Committee will be formed soon.

 

Village Panchayat Level Child Protection Committee Constituted in Kanyakumari District (Size:329KB, Language:Tamil)

 

Town Panchayat Level Child Protection Committee Constituted in Kanyakumari District (Size:356KB, Language:Tamil)

 

Block Level Child Protection Committee Constituted in Kanyakumari District (Size:173KB, Language:Tamil)

 

CHILD LINE (Size:1265KB, Language:Tamil)

 

Names of the Children Homes not renewed under JJ Act 2000 Amended in 2006 (Size:39.7KB, Language:Tamil)

 

 

……

 

 

 


 
 
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